Deliverable 3.1. Report and scientific article of ERA models

Deliverable 3.1 is a report which presents an overview of the aquaculture production sector in the EU, the veterinary medicines and other potentially toxic substances used in EU aquaculture, and the environmental standards and regulatory procedures available for their Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA). It describes the state-of-the-art on the development of models capable of assessing the fate, dispersal, exposure, ecological effects and associated ecotoxicological risks of veterinary medicines applied in aquaculture production. This study provides a recommendation to improve the chemical exposure assessments and the ecological realism of the modeling outcomes, paying a special attention to the protection goals set for the regulatory ERA of veterinary medicines.